The ancient city of Xian, formerly known in Chinese history as Changan, is one of the oldest cities in China and the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. Xian has served as the capital city for 13 of China’s ruling dynasties so the city is filled with historic sites – the most important of which is, of course, the 2,200-year old Terracotta Warriors. But there is much more to see in Xi’an than just the iconic Terracotta Warriors and Horses. Xian was the capital city for the Tang Dynasty from 618 to 907 A.D. and it was the starting point for the ancient trading route the Silk Road, so its historic role in the development of China was a crucial one. With its unique cultural and historic significance, Xian is a must-see city for any traveler and a convenient gateway for anyone wishing to travel on to Tibet.
Tourists are suggested to travel to Tibet from Xian by flights or train. If they do not want a long train ride, they can fly to Xining to catch a train to Lhasa
By flights – It takes around 3 hours and 30 minutes and costs around 2300 RMB to take a flight from Xian to Lhasa. Taking a flight is the most recommended way to travel to Tibet, because there are several non-stop flights from Xian to Lhasa every day, and there are often discounts for flights tickets.
By train – The sceneries along the railway from Xian to Lhasa are very beautiful. If it is ok for you to take a 32-hour-long train ride, you can take a train. The ticket price is around 1000 RMB.
Fly to Xining, and then take a train to Lhasa – If you want to admire the sceneries along the railway, but do not want to spend too much time on a train. It is suggested to fly to Xining from Xian, and then take a train to Lhasa. You only need to spend 22 hours on the train in this way.
Yes! Xian is one of the most historical cities in China. The Terracotta Army, Ancient City Wall, Wild Goose Pagoda and Shaanxi History Museum are the best places to learn about the history and culture about Xian and China. The Terracotta Army, a world heritage site selected by UNESCO, attracts thousands of tourists every year. The Qin Shihuang constructed this army to guard his tomb. Now, the underground army is priceless artwork for modern people.
If you like delicacy, the Muslim Quarter is a must-go place. Countless local snacks, Barbeques, noodle restaurants and handcraft shops are grouped on this area. The roast mutton is a must-food in this area.
The Terracotta was discovered in 1974 by a local farmer in Shaanxi Province.
In March 1974, a farmer tried to dig a well 1.5 kilometers to the east of the Tomb of Qin Shihuang. He did not find any water, but lots of fragments of terracotta warriors. He realized there must be something special under earth, so he reported this to the local government. However, the local government just asked him to dig a well anywhere else and tried to reassemble these fragments.
In June 1974, a journalist of Xinhua News Agency saw these terracotta warriors and reported this to the central government in Beijing. After researching the area where these terracotta warriors were unearthed, the central government were sure there were much priceless relics in that area, so they sent lots of archeologists to unearth more ruins of Terracotta Army. Some of them are preserved very well.